Created date:February 15th, 2018

JSPHO does not receive individual consultations. Second opinions should be sought at hospitals where pediatric cancer patients are treated.

Q1. What kinds of blood diseases affect children?

The major blood diseases in children are hemolytic anemia (destruction of red blood cells), hemophilia (dysfunction of hemostasis), aplastic anemia (decreased production of blood cells in bone marrow), etc. Children with these diseases should be cared for by experts in pediatric hematology.

Q2. What kinds of disease are pediatric cancers?

Pediatric cancers are malignant diseases which effect children. These are leukemia (blood cancer), malignant lymphoma, brain tumor, neuroblastoma (tumor originating from the sympathetic nerve and the adrenal gland), nephroblastoma (Wilms’ tumor from the kidney), rhabdomyosarcoma from muscle, etc. The specialists in pediatric oncology should treat children with cancer because pediatric cancer behaves and responds differently to treatments than cancers in adults.

Q3. Can all hospitals treat children with cancers?

The national government chose 15 core hospitals for childhood cancer care in February 2013. Additionally, this society approved hospitals for specialist training in pediatric hematology and oncology. See the website link below.

Specialists of pediatric hematology/oncology and specialist surgeons are listed at and respectively.